Lista De Especies De La Península Ibérica Old

CHECK LIST OF IBERIAN ANTS by Xavier Espadaler (July 2005), and as far as I know, of the Iberian Peninsula (Portugal + Spain) myrmecofauna (islands not included). 253 species are listed: 11 Dolichoderinae, 88 Formicinae, 4 Leptanillinae, 139 Myrmicinae, 11 Ponerinae. There remain some minor nomenclatural and/or taxonomic points that await clarification (not easy!). Several undescribed species are not listed.

Dolichoderinae

 Bothriomyrmex hispanicus Santschi, 1922
 Bothriomyrmex gibbus Soudek, 1925
 Bothriomyrmex saundersi Santschi, 1922
 Dolichoderus quadripunctatus (Linnaeus, 1771)
 Linepithema humile (Mayr, 1868)
 Tapinoma ambiguum Emery, 1925
 Tapinoma erraticum (Latreille, 1798)
 Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius, 1793)
 Tapinoma nigerrimum (Nylander, 1856)
 Tapinoma pygmaeum (Dufour, 1857)
 Tapinoma simrothi Krausse, 1911

Formicinae

 Camponotus aethiops (Latreille, 1798)
 Camponotus amaurus Espadaler, 1997
 Camponotus barbaricus Emery, 1905
 Camponotus cruentatus (Latreille, 1802)
 Camponotus fallax (Nylander, 1856)
 Camponotus figaro Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969)
 Camponotus foreli Emery, 1881
 Camponotus gestroi Emery, 1878
 Camponotus haroi Espadaler, 1997
 Camponotus herculeanus (Linnaeus, 1758)
 Camponotus lateralis (Olivier, 1792)
 Camponotus ligniperdus (Latreille, 1802)
 Camponotus micans (Nylander, 1856)
 Camponotus piceus (Leach, 1825)
 Camponotus pilicornis (Roger, 1859)
 Camponotus sicheli Mayr, 1866
 Camponotus sylvaticus (Olivier, 1792)
 Camponotus truncatus (Spinola, 1808)
 Camponotus universitatis Forel, 1890
 Camponotus vagus (Scopoli, 1763)
 Cataglyphis douwesi De Haro & Collingwood, 2000
 Cataglyphis floricola Tinaut, 1993
 Cataglyphis hispanicus (Emery, 1906)
 Cataglyphis humeya Tinaut, 1991
 Cataglyphis ibericus (Emery, 1906)
 Cataglyphis piliscapus (Forel, 1901)
 Cataglyphis rosenhaueri Santschi, 1925
 Cataglyphis velox Santschi, 1929
 Formica bruni Kutter, 1967
 Formica candida F. Smith, 1878
 Formica cinerea Mayr, 1853
 Formica cunicularia Latreille, 1798
 Formica decipiens Bondroit, 1918
 Formica dusmeti Emery, 1909
 Formica exsecta Nylander, 1846
 Formica foreli Bondroit, 1918
 Formica frontalis Santschi, 1919
 Formica fusca Linnaeus, 1758
 Formica gagates Latreille, 1798
 Formica gerardi Bondroit 1917
 Formica lemani Bondroit, 1917
 Formica lugubris Zetterstedt, 1838
 Formica paralugubris Seifert, 1996
 Formica polyctena Förster, 1850
 Formica pratensis Retzius, 1783
 Formica pressilabris Nylander, 1846
 Formica rufa Linnaeus, 1761
 Formica rufibarbis Fabricius, 1793
 Formica sanguinea Latreille, 1798
 Formica selysi Bondroit, 1918
 Formica subrufa Roger, 1859
 Lasius alienus (Schenck, 1852)
 Lasius bicornis (Förster, 1850)
 Lasius brunneus (Latreille, 1798)
 Lasius carniolicus Mayr, 1861
 Lasius cinereus Seifert, 1992
 Lasius citrinus Emery, 1922
 Lasius distinguendus (Emery, 1916)
 Lasius emarginatus (Olivier, 1792)
 Lasius flavus (Fabricius, 1782)
 Lasius fuliginosus (Latreille, 1798)
 Lasius grandis Forel, 1909
 Lasius lasioides (Emery, 1869)
 Lasius meridionalis (Bondroit, 1920)
 Lasius mixtus (Nylander, 1846)
 Lasius myops Forel, 1894
 Lasius neglectus Van Loon, Boomsma & Andrásfalvy, 1990
 Lasius niger (Linnaeus, 1758)
 Lasius paralienus Seifert, 1992
 Lasius piliferus Seifert, 1992
 Lasius platythorax Seifert, 1992
 Lasius psammophilus Seifert, 1992
 Lasius rabaudi (Bondroit, 1917)
 Lasius sabularum (Bondroit, 1918)
 Lasius umbratus (Nylander, 1846)
 Lepisiota nigra (Dalla Torre, 1893)
 Paratrechina flavipes (F. Smith, 1874)
 Paratrechina jaegerskioeldi (Mayr, 1904)
 Paratrechina longicornis (Latreille, 1802)
 Plagiolepis grassei Le Masne, 1956
 Plagiolepis pygmaea (Latreille, 1798)
 Plagiolepis schmitzii Forel, 1895
 Plagiolepis xene Stärcke, 1936
 Polyergus rufescens (Latreille, 1798)
 Proformica ferreri Bondroit, 1918
 Proformica longiseta Collingwood, 1978
 Proformica nasuta (Nylander, 1856)
 Rossomyrmex minuchae Tinaut, 1981

Leptanillinae

 Leptanilla charonea López, Martínez & Barandica, 1994
 Leptanilla plutonia López, Martínez & Barandica, 1994
 Leptanilla revelierii Emery, 1870
 Leptanilla zaballosi López, Martínez & Barandica, 1994

Myrmicinae

 Anergates atratulus (Schenck, 1852)
 Aphaenogaster cardenai Espadaler, 1981
 Aphaenogaster dulcineae Emery, 1924
 Aphaenogaster gibbosa (Latreille, 1798)
 Aphaenogaster iberica Emery, 1908
 Aphaenogaster senilis Mayr, 1853
 Aphaenogaster splendida (Roger, 1859)
 Aphaenogaster striativentris Forel, 1895
 Aphaenogaster subterranea (Latreille, 1798)
 Cardiocondyla batesii Forel, 1894
 Cardiocondyla elegans Emery, 1869
 Cardiocondyla mauritanica Forel, 1890
 Cardiocondyla nigra Forel, 1905
 Chalepoxenus kutteri Cagniant, 1973
 Chalepoxenus muellerianus (Finzi, 1922)
 Crematogaster auberti Emery, 1869
 Crematogaster fuentei Menozzi, 1922
 Crematogaster laestrygon Emery, 1869
 Crematogaster scutellaris (Olivier, 1792)
 Crematogaster sordidula (Nylander, 1849)
 Formicoxenus nitidulus (Nylander, 1846)
 Goniomma baeticum Reyes & Rodríguez, 1987
 Goniomma blanci (André, 1881)
 Goniomma collingwoodi Espadaler, 1997
 Goniomma compressisquama Tinaut,
 Goniomma decipiens Espadaler, 1997
 Goniomma hispanicum (André, 1883)
 Goniomma kugleri Espadaler, 1986
 Harpagoxenus sublaevis (Nylander, 1849)
 Leptothorax acervorum (Fabricius, 1793)
 Leptothorax gredleri Mayr, 1855
 Leptothorax muscorum (Nylander, 1846)
 Temnothorax affinis (Mayr, 1855)
 Temnothorax albipennis (Curtis, 1854)
 Temnothorax algiricus (Forel, 1894)
 Temnothorax angustulus (Nylander, 1856)
 Temnothorax atlantis (Santschi, 1911)
 Temnothorax baeticus (Emery, 1924)
 Temnothorax blascoi (Espadaler, 1997)
 Temnothorax caesari (Espadaler, 1997)
 Temnothorax cagnianti (Tinaut, 1983)
 Temnothorax clypeatus (Mayr, 1853)
 Temnothorax corticalis (Schenck, 1852)
 Temnothorax crepuscularis (Tinaut, 1994)
 Temnothorax cristinae (Espadaler, 1997)
 Temnothorax flavispinus s.l. (André, 1883)
 Temnothorax formosus (Santschi, 1909)
 Temnothorax gredosi (Espadaler & Collingwood, 1982)
 Temnothorax grouvellei (Bondroit, 1918)
 Temnothorax ibericus (Menozzi, 1922)
 Temnothorax interruptus (Schenck, 1852)
 Temnothorax kraussei (Emery, 1916)
 Temnothorax lichtensteini (Bondroit, 1918)
 Temnothorax longispinosus (Roger, 1863)
 Temnothorax nadigi (Kutter, 1925)
 Temnothorax naeviventris (Santschi, 1910)
 Temnothorax niger (Forel, 1894)
 Temnothorax nigriceps (Mayr, 1855)
 Temnothorax nylanderi (Förster, 1850)
 Temnothorax pardoi (Tinaut, 1987)
 Temnothorax parvulus (Schenck, 1852)
 Temnothorax platycephalus (Espadaler, 1997)
 Temnothorax rabaudi (Bondroit, 1918)
 Temnothorax racovitzai (Bondroit, 1918)
 Temnothorax recedens (Nylander, 1856)
 Temnothorax schaufussi (Forel, 1879)
 Temnothorax specularis (Emery, 1916)
 Temnothorax subcingulatus (Emery, 1924)
 Temnothorax tristis (Bondroit, 1918)
 Temnothorax tuberum (Fabricius, 1775)
 Temnothorax tyndalei (Forel, 1909)
 Temnothorax unifasciatus (Latreille, 1798)
 Temnothorax universitatis (Espadaler, 1997)
 Messor barbarus (Linnaeus, 1767)
 Messor bouvieri Bondroit, 1918
 Messor capitatus (Latreille, 1798)
 Messor celiae Reyes, 1985
 Messor hispanicus Santschi, 1919
 Messor lobicornis Forel, 1894
 Messor lusitanicus Tinaut, 1985
 Messor marocanus Santschi, 1927
 Messor structor (Latreille, 1798)
 Messor timidus Espadaler, 1997
 Monomorium algiricum (Bernard, 1955)
 Monomorium andrei Saunders, 1890
 Monomorium carbonarium (F. Smith, 1858)
 Monomorium monomorium Bolton, 1987
 Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus, 1758)
 Monomorium salomonis (Linnaeus, 1758)
 Monomorium subopacum (F. Smith, 1858)
 Myrmecina graminicola (Latreille, 1802)
 Myrmica aloba Forel, 1909
 Myrmica karavajevi (Arnoldi, 1930)
 Myrmica lemasnei Bernard, 1967
 Myrmica lobicornis Nylander, 1846
 Myrmica rubra (Linnaeus, 1758)
 Myrmica ruginodis Nylander, 1846
 Myrmica sabuleti Meinert, 1861
 Myrmica scabrinodis Nylander, 1846
 Myrmica schencki Viereck, 1903
 Myrmica specioides Bondroit, 1918
 Myrmica spinosior Santschi, 1931
 Myrmica sulcinodis Nylander, 1846
 Myrmica vandeli Bondroit, 1920
 Myrmica wesmaeli Bondroit, 1918
 Myrmoxenus bernardi (Espadaler, 1982)
 Myrmoxenus kraussei (Emery, 1915)
 Myrmoxenus ravouxi (André, 1896)
 Oxyopomyrmex santschii Forel, 1904
 Oxyopomyrmex saulcyi Emery, 1889
 Pheidole pallidula (Nylander, 1849)
 Pheidole teneriffana Forel, 1893
 Pyramica argiola (Emery, 1869)
 Pyramica baudueri (Emery, 1875)
 Pyramica membranifera (Emery, 1869)
 Pyramica tenuipilis (Emery, 1915)
 Solenopsis fairchildi Wheeler, 1926
 Solenopsis fugax (Latreille, 1798)
 Solenopsis latro Forel, 1894
 Solenopsis lusitanica Emery, 1915
 Solenopsis monticola Bernard, 1950
 Solenopsis nicaeensis Bernard, 1950
 Solenopsis oraniensis Forel, 1894
 Solenopsis orbula Emery, 1875
 Solenopsis robusta Bernard, 1950
 Stenamma debile (Förster, 1850)
 Stenamma striatulum Emery, 1894
 Strongylognathus caeciliae Forel, 1897
 Strongylognathus huberi Forel, 1874
 Strongylognathus testaceus (Schenck, 1852)
 Teleutomyrmex kutteri Tinaut, 1990
 Tetramorium bicarinatum (Nylander, 1846)
 Tetramorium caldarium (Roger, 1857)
 Tetramorium caespitum (Linnaeus, 1758)
 Tetramorium impurum (Förster, 1850)
 Tetramorium lanuginosum Mayr, 1870
 Tetramorium meridionale Emery, 1870
 Tetramorium ruginode Stitz, 1917
 Tetramorium semilaeve André, 1883

Ponerinae

 Amblyopone emeryi (Saunders, 1890)
 Amblyopone gaetulica Baroni Urbani, 1978
 Anochetus ghilianii (Spinola, 1851)
 Cryptopone ochracea (Mayr, 1855)
 Hypoponera abeillei (André, 1881)
 Hypoponera eduardi (Forel, 1894)
 Hypoponera punctatissima (Roger, 1859)
 Hypoponera ragusai (Emery, 1894)
 Ponera coarctata (Latreille, 1802)
 Ponera testacea Emery, 1895
 Proceratium melinum (Roger, 1860)

Emmendations from previous list (June 2002):

1) Species added: Lasius paralienus, Lasius psammophilus, Formica cinerea, Formica bruni, Formica paralugubris, Cardiocondyla nigra, Myrmica karavajevi,Myrmica spinosior, Monomorium monomorium (missed old Saunders’ record), Temnothorax atlantis, Tetramorium bicarinatum, Tetramorium caldarium, Tetramorium lanuginosum, Ponera testacea.

2) Species deleted: Leptanilla ortunoi, from Ceuta (North Africa); Temnothorax cervantesi (Santschi), a provisional synonym of T. tyndalei (Forel).

3) Generic name changes: Epimyrma has been changed to Myrmoxenus. Leptothorax has been limited to three names, Themnothorax engulfing all other names.

Acknowledgments: to Kiko Gómez for comments on the list. To Barry Bolton, for keeping ant taxonomy alive.